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Court Etiquette: Everything You Need To know

law courts

Court proceedings are a critical part of the legal system, and it is imperative that they are conducted with utmost professionalism and respect. One key aspect of this is adhering to court etiquette. Court etiquette encompasses a set of rules and customs that govern behaviour within the courtroom. In New South Wales, as in many jurisdictions, adhering to proper court etiquette is crucial for maintaining the integrity of the legal process.

What Is Court Etiquette?

Court etiquette refers to the established norms of behaviour and decorum that individuals are expected to follow when participating in or attending court proceedings. It encompasses a wide range of behaviours, from the attire one should wear to the way one addresses the judge and interacts with other participants in the courtroom. Adhering to court etiquette is not only a sign of respect for the legal process but also helps to ensure fair and orderly proceedings.


Why Is Court Etiquette Important?


Courtrooms are places of solemnity and authority. Adhering to etiquette helps to maintain respect for the institution of the court. Proper court etiquette helps to create an environment where all parties feel heard and respected, which is essential for the fair administration of justice.


In addition, court etiquette is crucial for upholding the professionalism of the legal system. It sets a standard of conduct for all participants and following established etiquette contributes to the smooth and efficient conduct of court proceedings.

Dress Code


Proper attire is crucial when attending court proceedings in NSW. For lawyers, this typically means wearing formal business attire. Men should wear suits, dress shirts, ties, and dress shoes.


Women should opt for formal business suits, dresses, or blouses and skirts with closed-toe shoes. It’s important to avoid overly casual or flashy attire.


For the public, including witnesses and defendants, similar rules apply. While a strict business attire might not be mandatory, neat and respectable clothing is expected. Avoiding clothing with offensive or inappropriate language or imagery is a must. Accordingly, proper court attire is an important aspect of court etiquette.




Punctuality is of utmost importance in a courtroom setting. All participants, including lawyers, defendants, witnesses, and the public, should arrive early, be at court on time and be ready for proceedings to begin at the scheduled time. Tardiness can disrupt proceedings and reflect poorly on those involved.


Addressing the Court


When addressing the court, it is important to show respect for the judge and the legal process. Always stand when speaking to the judge, and refer to them as “Your Honour”. Speak clearly and directly, addressing the judge and not other participants in the case. In addition, although not legally required, bowing your head when entering or leaving the court is a a sign of respect to the court.


Avoid interrupting others while they are speaking, and wait for your turn to address the court. This demonstrates courtesy and ensures that everyone has a fair opportunity to present their case.


Electronic Devices


In NSW courts, the use of electronic devices, including mobile phones and other electronic equipment is generally not permitted during proceedings. They should be turned off or set to silent mode. Exceptions may be made for lawyers or parties who need to refer to electronic documents during the proceedings.


Language and Behaviour


Using respectful and appropriate language is imperative in a courtroom. Avoid using slang, offensive language, or engaging in disrespectful behaviour. This applies to all participants, including lawyers, witnesses, defendants, and the public.


Rising for the Judge


In NSW, it is customary to stand when the judge enters or leaves the courtroom. This is a sign of respect for the authority of the court.


Courtroom Decorum


Maintaining proper decorum in the courtroom is essential. This includes refraining from unnecessary movements, gestures, or facial expressions that may be distracting or disrespectful. Additionally, eating, drinking, or chewing gum in the courtroom is typically not allowed.

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Legal Advice

Understanding and adhering to court etiquette is a fundamental aspect of participating in or attending court proceedings in NSW. It ensures that the legal process is conducted with the respect, professionalism, and fairness that are essential for upholding the principles of justice. By following the established rules of court etiquette, individuals contribute to the smooth and orderly functioning of the legal system, ultimately serving the interests of justice. If severe breaches of court etiquette or disrespect is shown, you could be held in contempt of court.


If you have been charged with a criminal offence and are due to attend court as a result of a court attendance notice, contact one of our leading avo lawyers in Sydney. We will provide you free legal advice for up to 15 minutes with one of our senior criminal defence lawyers.

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